>Church at Firminy / Le Corbusier

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یک کلیسای جالب طراحی لوکوربوزیه، از اواخر دوران مدرن که احتمالا خیلی از دوستان تا به حال ندیده بودندش!
کاری پست مدرن از لوکوربوزیه ی مدرن!



©Richard Weil
Known for its striking form and beautiful interior experiences, the Church at Firminy by Le Corbusier was another evolution of the core thoughts and practices of the architect throughout his many years of designing. This church also carries special significance, as it was the last major work of Le Corbusier and was left unfinished upon his death in 1965. It was finished forty-one years after his death in 2006, keeping his essence alive.
More on the Church at Firminy by Le Corbusier after the break.

©Richard Weil
Standing in the old mining and industrial city of Firminy, the Church of Firminy was one of a set of community buildings designed by Le Corbusier, among these are an Olympic stadium, youth club and cultural center, standard housing complex, and finally Unite-d’Habitation.

©Richard Weil
Recognizing the small congregation of the city, the architect wanted to embrace and celebrate the miners and steel workers that produced most of the goods of the area, which explains his use of concrete. He hoped that this material would also give him control over the volume and spaces in his overall goal of giving light a true meaning.

©Richard Weil
As can be expected by the architect, he fused many of his core architectural ideas from previous projects into his newer design, while also leaving room to be inspired by religion. He wanted to create a setting that established a place for spiritual enrichment on a modest scale. About this, Le Corbusier stated that the space must be “vast so that the heart may feel at ease, and high so that prayers may breathe in it.”

©Richard Weil
Natural light floods in through light boxes and through a series of organized openings that are a direct reference to the constellation Orion. The light boxes are designed in a way that will bring light to the alter on specific religious holidays, like Good Friday and Easter Sunday. Corbusier uses the spirituality of geometry to create the overall form; a square base that projects upwards to a circle depicts the metamorphosis and transition from earthly to spiritual realm, and the cosmological basis is revealed in the constellation windows and angle of the roof towards the sun.

©Richard Weil
The building was completed in 2006 by French architect Jose Oubrerie, who studied under Corbusier for many years.
Architect: Le Corbusier
Location: Firminy,
Project Year: 1963
Photographs: Richard Weil, Wikimedia Commons
References: Le Corbusier, Michael Raeburn
firm9 ©Richard Weil firm10 ©Richard Weil firm2 ©Richard Weil firm23 ©Richard Weil firm20 ©Richard Weil firm1 ©Richard Weil firm29 ©Richard Weil firm28 ©Richard Weil firm27 ©Richard Weil firm26 ©Richard Weil firm25 ©Richard Weil firm24 ©Richard Weil firm22 ©Richard Weil firm21 ©Richard Weil firm19 ©Richard Weil firm18 ©Richard Weil firm16 ©Richard Weil firm15 ©Richard Weil firm14 ©Richard Weil firm13 ©Richard Weil firm12 ©Richard Weil firm11 ©Richard Weil firm8 ©Richard Weil firm7 ©Richard Weil firm6 ©Richard Weil firm5 ©Richard Weil firm4 ©Richard Weil firm3 ©Richard Weil fim17 ©Richard Weil draw1 ©Wikimedia Commons draw2 ©Wikimedia Commons draw4 ©Wikimedia Commons draw3 ©Wikimedia Commons draw6 ©Wikimedia Commons
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